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Discover Egypt

Country

 

Egypt’s official name is The Arab Republic of Egypt, which is one million square kilometers, five times the size of the Korean peninsula. The population is about 86.4 million (as of 2013), 98% are Ham, consisting of Egyptians, Bedouins, and Berbers, and other ethnic minorities, including Greeks, Nubians, and Armenians. 90% of the population believes in Sunni Islam, 6.9% believes in Coptic, uses Arabic as its official language, and has a unique accent in Egypt to distinguish it from neighboring countries. The currency is LE (Egyptian Pound), public institutions and banks are all closed on Fridays and working hours are from 8:00 am to 2:00 pm.

 

Egyptian flag

 

The Egyptian flag used today has three colors and the so called “ Saladin’s Eagle ”in the middle of the white part . The red color of the Egyptian flag means the blood of revolution and struggle, the white color represents the peace or bright future, and the black color represents the glory of the Caliph era or the dark age of the past….

 

 

 

Politics

 

In addition to civil rights, the Republic of Egypt is a democratic political system, based on the withdrawal of the media, political parties, local government and civil society, legislation, administrative and judiciary..

 

Religion

 

Islam is the official religion of the Egyptian Arab Republic. Most of the non-Muslims in Egypt are mostly Christians, and most of them belong to the Coptic Orthodox Church.

 

Administrative division

 
Egypt is divided into 28 independent administrative units, which consist of cities and villages.

 

Major airports

 
Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor, Hurghada and Sharm El Sheikh.

 

Geography

 
The country is divided into four main geological zones:

-Nile Valley and Delta

-Western Desert

– Eastern Desert

– Sinai Peninsula

Population

 

The total estimated population in Egypt is around 85.6 million, according to the 2013 census. Most of Egypt’s population is concentrated near the Nile, in cities and towns such as Cairo, Luxor, Aswan and Port Said. Small settlements include the western desert oasis and the main destination of the Sinai Peninsula.

Language

 

The official language of Egypt is Arabic, but foreign languages ​​such as English, French, German, Italian, and Spanish are widely spoken, especially in educational circles..

 


History overview

Five thousand years of civilization contributed to building Egypt’s cultural heritage and citizen power and independence. The history of this country is in order of aggression, age or glory, battle and victory that can be divided into the following main periods and milestones:

-Pharaoh Era (3100 BC-332 BC)

Greek period (332 BC-32 AD)

Roman period (AD 32-638 AD)

Coptic Era (starting at 65 AD)

-Islamic Age: Beginning of Islamic Conquest of Egypt (640 AD-1517 AD)

-Ottoman rules (1,517-1882)

Invasion of France (1798)

-British colony of Egypt (1882-195)

-23rd of March Revolution (1952) after the Egyptian Republic was declared. British troops left Egypt in 1954.

-6th of March War (1973)

-Egypt signed a peace treaty with Israel (1979)

Hosni Mubarak is elected president of the Egyptian Arab Republic (1981)

-The popular revolution in January started against the Egyptian government (January 25, 2011)

-Step-down to Hosni Mubarak President of the Egyptian Arab Republic (February 11, 2011)

Title = “People”] Egypt is home to a multicultural society.Bejas and High Priest Biography Play, Boot: Egyptian minorities add Nubians, Berbers (poetry and oasis), Bedouin, Ethnic Egypt comprises 95% of Egypt’s total population, while Arabs, Turkish and Greeks are included. The former is concentrated in the south-eastern corner of Egypt, and the latter lives mainly in the Fayoum oasis, which is becoming assimilated to larger cities as the Nile Delta gradually increases urbanization.

Egyptians are famous for their welcoming attitude towards tourists everywhere. Unless you upset anyone in the back country where local customs and traditions, especially worship and old traditions, are maintained, you will have an unforgettable holiday in Egypt.

Title = “Culture”] Like the unified “Egyptian culture”, modern and western customs are religious rituals, but there is no simple reason to form a religion or a moderate tradition. ..

But Egyptians share remarkable attachments to important social values, such as in all social classes, religious beliefs, or races:

-Family: Consider the family as an important thing for the Egyptians to protect. Don’t be surprised to notice that Egypt feels responsible for the actions of his brothers, sisters, parents, and cousins, including his family

-Kindness and Humor: Egypt is known as the most fun, kind and helpful country of the Middle East. They will always go their way to help you in a smiley, troublesome situation. Since you are sensitive to their humor of the world famous, you will be surprised to see how far you can take you to Egypt with a smile or a joke.

-Sports: football, above all! The Egyptians love to watch football as well as play; the largest and most popular football national clubs are both Pli and Zamalek, based in Cairo.

-Folk Dance: Famous for its authentic and beautiful cultural heritage of Egyptian customs and traditions. People are observed during the month of Ramadan, especially at religious events.

Egypt is known for its various forms of folk art and dance that are appropriate for each region of the country. Although the inhabitants of Suez, Ismailiya and Port Said are famous for dancing groups with music played with traditional “semsomiya” (old traditional stringed instruments), the south population of Al-Side is known for their “records” of riding inspired dance. Nubian dance is perhaps the most colorful and enjoyable folk performance; The Nubian wear colorful costumes and dances to the tempting rhythm of the Nubian song, a folk Sinai dance performed by a dancer in a beautiful hand-embroidered dress with a sword dance.

In addition, Egypt is a vibrant art scene, world famous for its music, film, theater and TV industries. Although this may be considered to have a greater impact on Arab countries than on the Middle East and the Western world, it is important to emphasize that Egypt contributes to world heritage through symbolic figures such as the Nobel Prime Minister in 1988 Literary Egypt The awards for the writer na gib maps, fame film director, Youssef Shahin, Egyptian actor Omar Sheriff, the most famous Arabic diva of all times, well named Kolthoum only a few.

Egypt has also given acclaimed scientists and thinkers from around the world to Ahmed Hassan Zuweil, the 1999 Nobel Prize Winner of Chemistry, and Sir Magdy Yaacoub, a prestigious surgeon, a heart transplant specialist and a famed professor of thoracic surgery at Imperial College London.

Egypt has also given acclaimed scientists and thinkers from around the world to Ahmed Hasan Zuweil, the 1999 Nobel Prize Winner of Chemistry, and Sir Magdy Yaacoub, a prestigious surgeon, a heart transplant specialist and a famed professor of thoracic surgery at Imperial College London.

Egypt is a rather large country with this common season, mild winters and sunny summers. Most of Egypt’s landscape is desert, with the exception of the White Mediterranean Coast, the Nile Valley and the Delta.

Day and night between November and March is pleasantly warm while evenings and nights are all cool and enjoyable in Egypt.

The temperatures are generally mild in April and May and this is the ideal time to visit your destination in Egypt.

June to September weather is damp in very hot dry desert areas in the Nile Valley and the White Med Coast. Sunglasses, sunscreen, hats and good moisture are essential, and travel to desert areas is not desirable in a period of years.

Ideal for traveling to Egypt in late September and October as well as April and May. And the period from November to February offers pleasant mild weather suitable for cruising down the Nile.

Red Sea Riviera has good weather all year round; This is the perfect day and sea destination to escape because when the sky comes back too cloudy from home.